Tuesday, July 24, 2018

18 Steps for Oracle 18c Installation and Database Creation for On Premise Environment

18 Steps for Oracle 18c Installation and Database Creation for On Premise Environment

Hi DBAs,

Oracle 18c Rel3 On premise Database released as expected in Jul 2018. Since I work and Spend most of my time
working with On Premise Databases, Applications and Fusion Middleware components, so decided to write this post based on

My practical experience with Oracle 18c today to assist DBAs.

Below are my 18 steps for Oracle 18c Installation on Linux 64-bit Operating System:



Step 1: Copy and Unzip the Software on server.

Once you unzip the Oracle18c Rel3 Software you will notice while extracting lot of linking of binaries happen and it will
create ORACLE_HOME in same path, this is interesting and new feature of 18c Database.f

cd Oracle_18c_Rel3_Linux_64bit/
  ls -ltr
  unzip LINUX.X64_180000_db_home.zip


inflating: md/gdal/bin/gdalenhance
  inflating: md/gdal/bin/gdallocationinfo
  inflating: md/gdal/bin/ogrinfo
   creating: md/lib/
  inflating: md/lib/libsdogdal.so
    linking: bin/lbuilder            -> ../nls/lbuilder/lbuilder
    linking: lib/libocci.so          -> libocci.so.18.1
    linking: lib/libodm18.so         -> libodmd18.so
    linking: lib/libagtsh.so         -> libagtsh.so.1.0
    linking: lib/libclntsh.so        -> libclntsh.so.18.1
    linking: lib/libjavavm18.a       -> ../javavm/jdk/jdk8/lib/libjavavm18.a
    linking: javavm/lib/jce.jar      -> ../../javavm/jdk/jdk8/lib/jce.jar
    linking: javavm/admin/cbp.jar    -> ../../javavm/jdk/jdk8/admin/cbp.jar
    linking: lib/libclntshcore.so    -> libclntshcore.so.18.1
    linking: lib/libclntsh.so.11.1   -> libclntsh.so
    linking: lib/libclntsh.so.10.1   -> libclntsh.so
    linking: precomp/public/ORACA.H  -> oraca.h
    linking: precomp/public/SQLCA.H  -> sqlca.h
    linking: precomp/public/SQLDA.H  -> sqlda.h
    linking: precomp/public/ORACA.COB  -> oraca.cob
    linking: precomp/public/SQLCA.COB  -> sqlca.cob
    linking: javavm/admin/classes.bin  -> ../../javavm/jdk/jdk8/admin/classes.bin
    linking: javavm/admin/libjtcjt.so  -> ../../javavm/jdk/jdk8/admin/libjtcjt.so
    linking: javavm/admin/lfclasses.bin  -> ../../javavm/jdk/jdk8/admin/lfclasses.bin
    linking: javavm/lib/security/cacerts  -> ../../../javavm/jdk/jdk8/lib/security/cacerts
    linking: javavm/lib/sunjce_provider.jar  -> ../../javavm/jdk/jdk8/lib/sunjce_provider.jar
    linking: javavm/lib/security/java.security  -> ../../../javavm/jdk/jdk8/lib/security/java.security
    linking: javavm/lib/security/local_policy.jar  -> ../../../javavm/jdk/jdk8/lib/security/local_policy.jar
    linking: javavm/lib/security/US_export_policy.jar  -> ../../../javavm/jdk/jdk8/lib/security/US_export_policy.jar
 extracting: install/.img.bin
finishing deferred symbolic links:
  bin/lbuilder           -> ../nls/lbuilder/lbuilder
  lib/libocci.so         -> libocci.so.18.1
  lib/libodm18.so        -> libodmd18.so
  lib/libagtsh.so        -> libagtsh.so.1.0
  lib/libclntsh.so       -> libclntsh.so.18.1
  lib/libjavavm18.a      -> ../javavm/jdk/jdk8/lib/libjavavm18.a
  javavm/lib/jce.jar     -> ../../javavm/jdk/jdk8/lib/jce.jar
  javavm/admin/cbp.jar   -> ../../javavm/jdk/jdk8/admin/cbp.jar
  lib/libclntshcore.so   -> libclntshcore.so.18.1
  lib/libclntsh.so.11.1  -> libclntsh.so
  lib/libclntsh.so.10.1  -> libclntsh.so
  precomp/public/ORACA.H -> oraca.h
  precomp/public/SQLCA.H -> sqlca.h
  precomp/public/SQLDA.H -> sqlda.h
  precomp/public/ORACA.COB -> oraca.cob
  precomp/public/SQLCA.COB -> sqlca.cob
  javavm/admin/classes.bin -> ../../javavm/jdk/jdk8/admin/classes.bin
  javavm/admin/libjtcjt.so -> ../../javavm/jdk/jdk8/admin/libjtcjt.so
  javavm/admin/lfclasses.bin -> ../../javavm/jdk/jdk8/admin/lfclasses.bin
  javavm/lib/security/cacerts -> ../../../javavm/jdk/jdk8/lib/security/cacerts
  javavm/lib/sunjce_provider.jar -> ../../javavm/jdk/jdk8/lib/sunjce_provider.jar
  javavm/lib/security/java.security -> ../../../javavm/jdk/jdk8/lib/security/java.security
  javavm/lib/security/local_policy.jar -> ../../../javavm/jdk/jdk8/lib/security/local_policy.jar
  javavm/lib/security/US_export_policy.jar -> ../../../javavm/jdk/jdk8/lib/security/US_export_policy.jar
[oracle@orasolsTest Oracle_18c_Rel3_Linux_64bit]$


[oracle@orasolsTest Oracle_18c_Rel3_Linux_64bit]$ ls -ltr
total 4457740
-rw-r--r--.  1 oracle oinstall        852 Aug 18  2015 env.ora
-rw-r--r--.  1 oracle oinstall       2927 Oct 14  2016 schagent.conf
-rwxr-x---.  1 oracle oinstall       1783 Mar  8  2017 runInstaller
drwxr-x---.  7 oracle oinstall         69 Feb  8 01:11 xdk
drwxr-xr-x.  3 oracle oinstall         19 Feb  8 01:11 wwg
drwxr-xr-x.  4 oracle oinstall         31 Feb  8 01:11 usm
drwxr-xr-x.  5 oracle oinstall         45 Feb  8 01:11 suptools
drwxr-xr-x.  6 oracle oinstall         54 Feb  8 01:11 srvm
drwxr-xr-x.  3 oracle oinstall         17 Feb  8 01:11 sqlj
drwxr-xr-x.  3 oracle oinstall         18 Feb  8 01:11 slax
-rw-r-----.  1 oracle oinstall         10 Feb  8 01:11 root.sh.old.1
drwxr-xr-x.  3 oracle oinstall         21 Feb  8 01:11 relnotes
drwxr-xr-x.  4 oracle oinstall         29 Feb  8 01:11 racg
drwxr-xr-x.  5 oracle oinstall         52 Feb  8 01:11 R
drwxr-xr-x.  4 oracle oinstall         33 Feb  8 01:11 owm
drwxr-xr-x.  3 oracle oinstall         19 Feb  8 01:11 oss
drwxr-xr-x.  3 oracle oinstall         19 Feb  8 01:11 ordim
drwxr-xr-x.  4 oracle oinstall         34 Feb  8 01:11 oracore
drwxr-xr-x.  5 oracle oinstall         42 Feb  8 01:11 olap
drwxr-xr-x.  4 oracle oinstall         31 Feb  8 01:11 mgw
drwxr-xr-x.  2 oracle oinstall          6 Feb  8 01:11 log
drwxr-xr-x.  3 oracle oinstall         18 Feb  8 01:11 has
drwxr-xr-x.  3 oracle oinstall         19 Feb  8 01:11 dv
drwxr-xr-x.  3 oracle oinstall         20 Feb  8 01:11 diagnostics
drwxr-xr-x.  3 oracle oinstall         19 Feb  8 01:11 dbjava
drwxr-xr-x.  3 oracle oinstall         20 Feb  8 01:11 data
drwxr-xr-x.  3 oracle oinstall         18 Feb  8 01:11 css
drwxr-xr-x.  6 oracle oinstall         78 Feb  8 01:12 plsql
drwxr-xr-x.  2 oracle oinstall         22 Feb  8 01:12 dbs
drwxr-xr-x.  2 oracle oinstall         33 Feb  8 01:12 utl
drwxr-xr-x.  2 oracle oinstall         29 Feb  8 01:12 instantclient
drwxr-xr-x. 13 oracle oinstall        198 Feb  8 01:12 dmu
drwxr-xr-x.  3 oracle oinstall         35 Feb  8 01:12 ucp
drwxr-xr-x.  3 oracle oinstall         35 Feb  8 01:12 jdbc
drwxr-xr-x.  2 oracle oinstall         26 Feb  8 01:12 QOpatch
drwxr-xr-x.  4 oracle oinstall         67 Feb  8 01:12 ords
drwxr-xr-x.  5 oracle oinstall        119 Feb  8 01:13 sdk
drwxr-xr-x.  6 oracle oinstall       4096 Feb  8 01:13 apex
drwxr-xr-x. 22 oracle oinstall       4096 Feb  8 01:13 sqldeveloper
drwxr-xr-x.  8 oracle oinstall        101 Feb  8 01:13 odbc
drwxr-xr-x. 11 oracle oinstall        119 Feb  8 01:14 ctx
-rwx------.  1 oracle oinstall        786 Feb  8 01:14 root.sh.old
drwxr-x---. 14 oracle oinstall       4096 Jun  4 04:20 OPatch
drwxr-xr-x.  6 oracle oinstall         53 Jul 18 20:17 sqlplus
-rwx------.  1 oracle oinstall        638 Jul 18 20:18 root.sh
drwxr-xr-x.  2 oracle oinstall       4096 Jul 18 20:39 jlib
drwxr-xr-x.  5 oracle oinstall        153 Jul 18 20:41 sqlpatch
drwxr-xr-x.  7 oracle oinstall        246 Jul 18 20:44 jdk
drwxr-xr-x. 13 oracle oinstall        140 Jul 18 20:44 rdbms
drwxr-xr-x.  6 oracle oinstall         56 Jul 18 20:44 precomp
drwxr-xr-x.  5 oracle oinstall         39 Jul 18 20:44 perl
drwxr-xr-x.  7 oracle oinstall         64 Jul 18 20:44 ord
drwxr-xr-x.  7 oracle oinstall         65 Jul 18 20:44 opmn
drwxr-xr-x.  5 oracle oinstall         46 Jul 18 20:44 nls
drwxr-xr-x. 10 oracle oinstall        106 Jul 18 20:44 network
drwxr-xr-x.  9 oracle oinstall         98 Jul 18 20:44 md
drwxr-xr-x. 10 oracle oinstall        112 Jul 18 20:44 ldap
drwxr-xr-x.  8 oracle oinstall         82 Jul 18 20:44 javavm
drwxr-xr-x.  5 oracle oinstall         41 Jul 18 20:44 hs
drwxr-xr-x.  4 oracle oinstall         30 Jul 18 20:44 drdaas
drwxr-xr-x.  3 oracle oinstall         20 Jul 18 20:44 demo
drwxr-xr-x.  7 oracle oinstall         71 Jul 18 20:44 cv
drwxr-xr-x.  6 oracle oinstall         55 Jul 18 20:44 crs
drwxr-xr-x.  9 oracle oinstall         93 Jul 18 20:44 assistants
drwxr-xr-x.  8 oracle oinstall        226 Jul 18 20:44 oui
drwxr-xr-x.  3 oracle oinstall      12288 Jul 18 20:44 lib
drwxr-x---. 13 oracle oinstall        219 Jul 18 20:44 inventory
drwxr-xr-x.  5 oracle oinstall        191 Jul 18 20:44 deinstall
drwxr-xr-x.  4 oracle oinstall         87 Jul 18 20:44 clone
drwxr-xr-x.  2 oracle oinstall       8192 Jul 18 20:44 bin
drwxr-xr-x.  2 oracle oinstall        102 Jul 18 20:44 addnode
drwxr-xr-x. 10 oracle oinstall       4096 Jul 18 20:53 install
-rw-r--r--.  1 oracle oinstall 4564649047 Jul 24 08:46 LINUX.X64_180000_db_home.zip
[oracle@orasolsTest Oracle_18c_Rel3_Linux_64bit]$

Step 2:Verify and check the Shared Memory Operating System level

It is very important to resize kernel.shmmax and kernel.shmall parameter in /etc/sysctl.conf as below


[oracle@orasolsTest Oracle_18c_Rel3_Linux_64bit]$ free -m
              total        used        free      shared  buff/cache   available
Mem:          64172        2071       32258        3009       29842       58432
Swap:         20479           0       20479
[oracle@orasolsTest Oracle_18c_Rel3_Linux_64bit]$ ipcs -lm

------ Shared Memory Limits --------
max number of segments = 4096
max seg size (kbytes) = 524288
max total shared memory (kbytes) = 8388608
min seg size (bytes) = 1

[oracle@orasolsTest Oracle_18c_Rel3_Linux_64bit]$ exit
logout
[root@orasolsTest u02]# vi /etc/sysctl.conf
[root@orasolsTest u02]# cat /etc/sysctl.conf
# sysctl settings are defined through files in
# /usr/lib/sysctl.d/, /run/sysctl.d/, and /etc/sysctl.d/.
#
# Vendors settings live in /usr/lib/sysctl.d/.
# To override a whole file, create a new file with the same in
# /etc/sysctl.d/ and put new settings there. To override
# only specific settings, add a file with a lexically later
# name in /etc/sysctl.d/ and put new settings there.
#
# For more information, see sysctl.conf(5) and sysctl.d(5).

#Add kernel parameters

fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
fs.file-max = 6815744
#kernel.shmall = 2097152
#kernel.shmmax = 536870912
kernel.shmmax = 68719476736
kernel.shmall = 4294967296
kernel.shmmni = 4096
# semaphores: semmsl, semmns, semopm, semmni
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500
net.core.rmem_default=262144
net.core.rmem_max=4194304
net.core.wmem_default=262144
net.core.wmem_max=1048586

[root@orasolsTest u02]# sysctl -p
fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
fs.file-max = 6815744
kernel.shmmax = 68719476736
kernel.shmall = 4294967296
kernel.shmmni = 4096
kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500
net.core.rmem_default = 262144
net.core.rmem_max = 4194304
net.core.wmem_default = 262144
net.core.wmem_max = 1048586

Step 3: Create and Configure a Single Instance Database



Step 4: Choose as Server Class if you are doing on Server or Desktop for your own System


Step 5: Choose Enterprise Edition

 Standard Edition 2 seems new from Oracle 18c on premise DB


Step 6: Specify ORACLE_BASE location. 

It should be under same path where you extracted the Oracle 18c Release 3 software. Details in my post in Step 1.




Step 7: Choose General Purpose and Specify the Database Identifiers in the next screen.



Step 8: Specify configuration options

Memory
Character Set
Sample schemas







Step 9: Specify Database Storage options



Step 9: Specify Management options if required(optional step)


Step 10: Specify RECOVERY options if required(optional step)




Step 10: Specify SAMPLE options if required(optional step)


Step 11:Specify Privilege OS groups



Step 12: Installer does series of prerequisite checks


Step 13:Verify Summary and Click Install for installation and Database creation of Oracle 18c 







Step 14:Execute root.sh script to perform series of actions :

After executing 'root.sh' you will get Oracle Trace File Analyzer (TFA) location if you want you can setup it as well. This is new feature from Oracle 18c Release 3 Database.

[root@orasolsTest Oracle_18c_Rel3_Linux_64bit]# pwd
/u02/ora18c/soft/Oracle_18c_Rel3_Linux_64bit
[root@orasolsTest Oracle_18c_Rel3_Linux_64bit]# sh root.sh

[root@orasolsTest soft]# ls
Oracle_18c_Rel3_Linux_64bit
[root@orasolsTest soft]# cd Oracle_18c_Rel3_Linux_64bit/
[root@orasolsTest Oracle_18c_Rel3_Linux_64bit]# pwd
/u02/ora18c/soft/Oracle_18c_Rel3_Linux_64bit
[root@orasolsTest Oracle_18c_Rel3_Linux_64bit]# sh root.sh
Performing root user operation.

The following environment variables are set as:
    ORACLE_OWNER= oracle
    ORACLE_HOME=  /u02/ora18c/soft/Oracle_18c_Rel3_Linux_64bit

Enter the full pathname of the local bin directory: [/usr/local/bin]:
   Copying dbhome to /usr/local/bin ...
   Copying oraenv to /usr/local/bin ...
   Copying coraenv to /usr/local/bin ...


Creating /etc/oratab file...
Entries will be added to the /etc/oratab file as needed by
Database Configuration Assistant when a database is created
Finished running generic part of root script.
Now product-specific root actions will be performed.
Do you want to setup Oracle Trace File Analyzer (TFA) now ? yes|[no] :
no
Oracle Trace File Analyzer (TFA - Non Daemon Mode) is available at :
    /u02/ora18c/soft/Oracle_18c_Rel3_Linux_64bit/suptools/tfa/release/tfa_home/bin/tfactl

Note :
1. tfactl will use TFA Daemon Mode if TFA already running in Daemon Mode and user has access to TFA
2. tfactl will configure TFA Non Daemon Mode only if user has no access to TFA Daemon mode or TFA Daemon mode is not

installed

OR

Oracle Trace File Analyzer (TFA - Daemon Mode) can be installed by running this script :
    /u02/ora18c/soft/Oracle_18c_Rel3_Linux_64bit/suptools/tfa/release/tfa_home/install/roottfa.sh

[root@orasolsTest Oracle_18c_Rel3_Linux_64bit]#


Step 15: After executing 'root.sh' continue with the Installation of the product




Click Close. This completes Oracle 18c Software Installation and 


Step 16: Post installation Steps:

=> Create the Environment file for Oracle 18c
=> Source the Environment

[oracle@orasolsTest ~]$ cat ora18c.env
# .bash_profile

# Get the aliases and functions
if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then
        . ~/.bashrc
fi

# User specific environment and startup programs

#PATH=$PATH:$HOME/.local/bin:$HOME/bin
PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin:/u02/ora18c/soft/Oracle_18c_Rel3_Linux_64bit/bin
export PATH
export ORACLE_SID=ora18c
export ORACLE_HOME=/u02/ora18c/soft/Oracle_18c_Rel3_Linux_64bit
export TNS_ADMIN=/u02/ora18c/soft/Oracle_18c_Rel3_Linux_64bit/network/admin

export TEMP=/tmp
export TMPDIR=/tmp

#export ALERT_LOG=/u02/ora18c/soft/Oracle_18c_Rel3_Linux_64bit/diag/rdbms/crimsdb/crimsdb/trace/

[oracle@orasolsTest ~]$ . ora18c.env
[oracle@orasolsTest ~]$ echo $ORACLE_SID
ora18c
[oracle@orasolsTest ~]$ echo $ORACLE_HOME
/u02/ora18c/soft/Oracle_18c_Rel3_Linux_64bit
[oracle@orasolsTest ~]$

Step 17: Connect to the Oracle 18c Database and validate it.

[oracle@orasolsTest ~]$ . ora18c.env
[oracle@orasolsTest ~]$ echo $ORACLE_SID
ora18c
[oracle@orasolsTest ~]$ echo $ORACLE_HOME
/u02/ora18c/soft/Oracle_18c_Rel3_Linux_64bit


[oracle@orasolsTest ~]$ sqlplus "/as sysdba"

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Tue Jul 24 13:15:04 2018

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 18c Enterprise Edition Release 18.0.0.0.0 - Production

SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 18c Enterprise Edition Release 18.0.0.0.0 - Production
[oracle@orasolsTest ~]$ exit
logout
[root@orasolsTest Oracle_18c_Rel3_Linux_64bit]# clear
[root@orasolsTest Oracle_18c_Rel3_Linux_64bit]# su - oracle
Last login: Tue Jul 24 13:07:10 +03 2018 on pts/0
[oracle@orasolsTest ~]$ . ora18c.env
[oracle@orasolsTest ~]$ rman target /

Recovery Manager: Release 18.0.0.0.0 - Production on Tue Jul 24 13:38:06 2018
Version 18.3.0.0.0

Copyright (c) 1982, 2018, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

connected to target database: ORA18C (DBID=604293408)

RMAN> exit


Recovery Manager complete.
[oracle@orasolsTest ~]$ sqlplus "/as sysdba"

SQL*Plus: Release 18.0.0.0.0 - Production on Tue Jul 24 13:38:19 2018
Version 18.3.0.0.0

Copyright (c) 1982, 2018, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 18c Enterprise Edition Release 18.0.0.0.0 - Production
Version 18.3.0.0.0

SQL> select name from v$database;

NAME
---------
ORA18C

SQL> select status from v$instance;

STATUS
------------
OPEN


SQL> select *from v$version;

BANNER
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BANNER_FULL
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BANNER_LEGACY
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    CON_ID
----------
Oracle Database 18c Enterprise Edition Release 18.0.0.0.0 - Production
Oracle Database 18c Enterprise Edition Release 18.0.0.0.0 - Production
Version 18.3.0.0.0
Oracle Database 18c Enterprise Edition Release 18.0.0.0.0 - Production
         0

BANNER
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BANNER_FULL
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BANNER_LEGACY
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    CON_ID
----------

Step 18: Validate the New Components added in Oracle 18c

We have Oracle Database Vault and Oracle Label security( Security components ) new from Oracle 18c Database.

SQL>
SQL> set linesize 12000
SQL> set pages 12000
SQL> col COMP_NAME for a35
SQL> select COMP_ID,COMP_NAME,VERSION,STATUS from dba_registry;

COMP_ID                        COMP_NAME                           VERSION                        STATUS
------------------------------ ----------------------------------- ------------------------------

--------------------------------------------
CATALOG                        Oracle Database Catalog Views       18.0.0.0.0                     VALID
CATPROC                        Oracle Database Packages and Types  18.0.0.0.0                     VALID
RAC                            Oracle Real Application Clusters    18.0.0.0.0                     OPTION OFF
JAVAVM                         JServer JAVA Virtual Machine        18.0.0.0.0                     VALID
XML                            Oracle XDK                          18.0.0.0.0                     VALID
CATJAVA                        Oracle Database Java Packages       18.0.0.0.0                     VALID
APS                            OLAP Analytic Workspace             18.0.0.0.0                     VALID
XDB                            Oracle XML Database                 18.0.0.0.0                     VALID
OWM                            Oracle Workspace Manager            18.0.0.0.0                     VALID
CONTEXT                        Oracle Text                         18.0.0.0.0                     VALID
ORDIM                          Oracle Multimedia                   18.0.0.0.0                     VALID
SDO                            Spatial                             18.0.0.0.0                     VALID
XOQ                            Oracle OLAP API                     18.0.0.0.0                     VALID
OLS                            Oracle Label Security               18.0.0.0.0                     VALID
DV                             Oracle Database Vault               18.0.0.0.0                     VALID

15 rows selected.


Enjoy have a nice time with Oracle 18c Database. Enjoy DBA Tasks.

In my upcoming posts I will focus on Administration Tasks for Oracle 18c... Stay Tune..


Thanks,

Rafi.