Thursday, March 18, 2010

Database upgradation 9i to 10g (Manual Method)

Hi ,

Here are the steps to upgrade the Database from ORACLE 9i to ORACLE 10g:

1. Connect to the database to be upgraded and run utlu101i.sql to determine the preupgrade
tasks to be completed

SQL> spool /tmp/upgrade.txt
SQL>@$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/utlu101i.sql

2. Resize the redo log files if they are smaller than 4 MB

3. Adjust the size of the tablespaces where the dictionary objects are stored.

4. Perform a cold backup of the database.

5. Shut down the database (do not perform a SHUTDOWN ABORT; perform only SHUTDOWN
IMMEDIATE or SHUTDOWN NORMAL). On Windows you will have to do NET STOP, ORADIM -
DELETE from the old Oracle home directory and ORADIM -NEW from the new Oracle 10g
home directory

6. Copy the parameter file (initDB.ora or spfileDB.ora) and password file from the old Oracle home directory to the Oracle 10g Oracle home directory. The default location for parameter file is $ORACLE_HOME/dbs on Unix platforms and ORACLE_HOME\database on Windows. Adjust the following parameters:

* Adjust the COMPATIBLE parameter; the minimum value required is 9.2.0 for the upgrade.
If you set this to 10.0, you will never be able to downgrade the database to 9i.

* Update the initialization parameters. You must remove obsolete parameters.

* Set the DB_DOMAIN parameter properly.

* Make sure memory parameters have at least the minimum size required for upgrade:
SHARED_POOL_SIZE (96MB for 32-bit platforms, 144MB for 64-bit), PGA_AGGREGATE_
TARGET (24MB), JAVA_POOL_SIZE (48MB), and LARGE_POOL_SIZE (8MB). Use the
sizes recommended by the preinstall verification utility

7. Make sure all the environment variables are set to correctly reference the Oracle 10g Oracle
home. On Unix, verify ORACLE_HOME, PATH, ORA_NLS33, and LD_LIBRARY_PATH.

8. Use SQL*Plus, and connect to the database using the SYSDBA privilege. Start the instance by using the STARTUP UPGRADE mode.

9. Create the SYSAUX tablespace with the following attributes:
* online
* permanent
* read write
* extent management local
* segment space management auto

The syntax could be as follows:

CREATE TALESPACE sysaux
DATAFILE ‘/ora01/oradata/OR0109/sysaux.dbf’ SIZE 500M
EXTENT MANAGEMENT LOCAL
SEGMENT SPACE MANAGEMENT AUTO;

10. Run the upgrade script from the $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin directory. Based on the version of the old database, the name of the upgrade script varies. The following lists the old release and the upgrade script name:

Database Version Script to Run
8.0.6 —-u0800060.sql
8.1.7 —-u0801070.sql
9.0.1 —-u0900010.sql
9.2.0 —-u0902000.sql

For example, to upgrade an Oracle 8.1.7 database to Oracle 10g, you must run
u0801070.sql.
SQL> spool ora8i7upg.log
SQL> @?/rdbms/admin/u0801070.sql
SQL> spool off

If you get any errors during the upgrade script execution, reexecute the script after fixing the error. The postupgrade status utility—utlu101s.sql—gives the name of specific script to run to fix the failed component.

11. Run the utlu101s.sql utility with the TEXT option. It queries the DBA_SERVER_REGISTRY to determine upgrade status and provides information about invalid or incorrect component upgrades. It also provides names of scripts to rerun to fix the errors.

Here is an example (output truncated to fit in single line):

ora10g> @$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/utlu101s.sql TEXT
PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

12. Shut down and restart the instance to reinitialize the system parameters for normal operation.
The restart also performs Oracle 10g database initialization for JServer Java Virtual
Machine and other components. Perform a clean shutdown (SHUTDOWN IMMEDIATE);
starting the instance flushes all caches, clears buffers, and performs other housekeeping activities. This is an important step to ensure the integrity and consistency of the upgraded database.

13. Run the utlrp.sql script to recompile all invalid objects.
ora10g> @$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/admin/utlrp.sql

14. Update the listener.ora file with the new database information.

15. Back up the database.

Once upgrading the database there will be some degradation in the performance …so check the performance through AWR and ADDM….


Best regards,

Rafi.

2 comments:

  1. Upgrading from 10gr2 to 11gr1 here :

    http://chandu208.blogspot.com/2011/04/upgradation-10gr2-to-11gr1.html

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